Latest Reports

April 25, 2018 | Telecom | North America | Ended

Time Warner / AT&T : Expected Verdict, Unwavering Confidence and Crowdedness

The final witness has taken the stand, both the Department of Justice (DoJ) and AT&T have rested their cases, and after next week’s closing arguments, we will await the ruling on a $100bn takeover by the sole presiding judge, Richard Leon. Risk arbitrage funds collectively hold approximately $7bn of Time Warner stock and their unwavering confidence prior to and during the trial has caused Time Warner shares to steadily increase, even in the face of nervousness surrounding other crowded risk arbitrage situations, NXP Semiconductors and Monsanto. In this report we explore the US competition regime, the structure of and vertical relationships within the US entertainment industry, and the trial – assessing the DoJ and AT&T briefs, arguments, evidence and witnesses, and, most importantly, Judge Leon and his likely considerations and verdict.


March 15, 2018 | Industrials | Europe | Ended

GKN / Melrose Industries : Bumping, Waiving and Extending in UK Hostile Deals

This £8.1bn hostile takeover came to the forefront following Melrose’s 8.6% bump, which is now deemed ‘final’. Since this aggressive tactic has failed to secure a recommendation from GKN’s board, the deal outcome now hinges on the timing and decision of CFIUS, and Melrose and GKN’s actions in the weeks leading up to 29-Mar-18 - a critical date for the companies. GKN shareholders will most likely be empowered to decide on the outcome, unless Melrose does not waive CFIUS and GKN refuses to revise and extend Day 60, 29-Mar-18, at which point the deal will lapse if the minimum acceptance has not been met. In this report, we look at the likely timing of a CFIUS review, whether Melrose may waive the CFIUS condition and the likelihood that GKN agrees to extend the offer period to create a ‘Revised Day 60’ under Rule 31.6 of the Code, to accommodate a CFIUS review.


February 26, 2018 | Media | Europe | Ended

Sky / Twenty-First Century Fox : Comcast’s Intentions and Whether Fox or Disney Comes Back

Sky / Fox has been turned on its head after Comcast announced a competing proposal at 1,250p per Sky share, plus permitted dividends that can add an additional 34.9p to the offer price if the transaction completes after mid-October. This is a healthy 16.3% headline premium to the Fox offer and investors have driven up Sky’s share price to trade at a 3.6% premium to Comcast’s offer (including dividends). We provide our high-level thoughts on the developments and views on whether Fox will come back. We also importantly address Comcast’s offer in the context of: 1) the rationale and numbers behind Comcast’s counterbid; 2) Fox’s need to control 100% of Sky, considering Disney’s pending offer for Fox assets; 3) Disney’s need to control Sky, in light of its desire to expand internationally and secure subscribers and content; 4) whether Comcast has further intentions for Fox; and, 5) potential outcomes and strategies.


February 16, 2018 | Telecom | Europe | Ended

Com Hem / Tele2 : Manageable Antitrust and Break Scenarios, Plus Optionality

A Com Hem-Tele2 combination has always made strategic sense due to complementary operations: combining a leading Swedish fixed broadband, telephony and pay TV player (Com Hem) with a leading Swedish mobile player (Tele2). Together the companies can threaten market leader Telia, already itself an example of the benefits of telco convergence in Sweden. In April 2017, after investment firm Kinnevik (KINVB SS) announced it purchased a 18.5% stake in Com Hem, rumours swirled that Tele2 would inevitably acquire Com Hem since Kinnevik held 47.6% of Tele2’s voting rights. A firm deal has now come to fruition, most likely brokered by Kinnevik, whose recently appointed CEO, Georgi Ganev, will become chairman of the new Tele2. In this report, we analyse the deal’s antitrust implications, break scenarios, strategic rationale and opportunities for activists to challenge the terms of this stitched-up ‘merger’.


January 23, 2018 | Media | Europe | Ended

Sky / Twenty-First Century Fox : The CMA’s Findings and the ‘Event-Based’ Sunset Clause

We provide our thoughts on Sky / Fox since the CMA’s recent decision will impact the deal. What we found in the possible remedies document is the addition of Disney as a catalyst to get through UK regulators. CMA statements point to a rather simple solution for Fox to get the deal completed: offer all the structural and/or behavioural commitments requested, then agree with the Secretary of State (SoS) that if Disney / Fox completes, these remedies will fall away (again, since the Disney owning Sky weakens the link between the Murdoch’s and Sky). The CMA spells out this possibility and refers to it as an ‘event-based’ sunset clause.


January 23, 2018 | Industrials | Europe | Ended

Linde / Praxair : Antitrust Implications and Break Prices

The merger between Linde and Praxair offers alternative investment avenues: some funds are fixated on the ‘back-end’ squeeze-out in Linde, while others focus on the Linde untendered versus tendered share class trade. Many are combining these strategies and mix in a little merger arb. At this stage, we believe that deviating from the strict merger arbitrage situation introduces market-related risks and we refrain from looking beyond the deal at hand. In this research report, we offer our view on whether the merger can clear global antitrust scrutiny, and the implications and break scenarios if it does not.


December 19, 2017 | Media | Europe | Ended

Sky / Twenty-First Century Fox : The Disney Effect and UK Chain Principle Considerations

We provide our views from multiple angles, including timing, trading strategies and expected actions by the parties.


November 24, 2017 | Telecom | North America | Ended

Time Warner / AT&T : Precedent Parallels: EC-Blocked Vertical / Conglomerate Mergers

In this deal commentary, we provide an in-depth summary of two relevant precedent mergers that were both initially blocked by the European Competition Commission (EC) on vertical and conglomerate grounds, Sidel (SID FP) / Tetra Laval (private), and Honeywell (HON US) / General Electric (GE US). Although from over 15 years ago, these precedents provide hints on how the DOJ may look to justify its recent actions in relation to the $108bn Time Warner / AT&T transaction and, equally, how AT&T may attempt to refute the negative decision by the DOJ. In this commentary, we do not delve into the content of the DOJ’s civil lawsuit and we do not try and predict an outcome.


November 17, 2017 | Energy | North America | Ended

Uniper / Fortum : Bumping Offers Versus Building Stakes in German M&A

With Uniper shares trading 8.6% higher than Fortum’s €22 per share voluntary offer price, Fortum’s patience will be tested as it waits for Uniper’s share price to migrate lower - is it content with only acquiring the 46.65% Uniper stake held by E.ON (EOAN GY), or will it be pushed into increasing the offer to build its stake higher? Fortum insists it has “no plans nor any reason to raise the offer”, but the company’s ambitions and enthusiasm for acquiring Uniper have been laid clear - event driven funds are, in turn, looking for clues to suggest that Fortum may be compelled to bump its offer. In this report, we examine precedent German tender offers to determine: 1) the key factors that lead to bumps; 2) which precedents are the most similar to Uniper / Fortum; and 3) the feasible outcomes from now through the end of the acceptance period.


October 27, 2017 | Industrials | North America | Ended

Huntsman / Clariant : Post-Mortem: Companies Terminate Merger, Break Prices

We have written on Huntsman / Clariant extensively and finish by providing a post-mortem and our updated quantitative analysis of the companies’ estimated respective break prices.



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